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Divorce and the Military

Those serving in the United States’ armed forces know first-hand the differences between a military and civilian life. When going through a divorce, those differences are also prevalent. Terminating a marriage while serving in uniform presents a unique challenge. When a member of the Army, Navy, National Guard, or Air Force and his or her spouse decide to end their marriage, certain conditions make this process different than it would be for those not in the military. Active duty can prolong the process of divorce; however, a skilled attorney with experience in this field, coupled with the fact that some states have made it easier for the process to be resolved, can make a military divorce a relatively easy process.

What Makes The Situation Unique?

It’s common knowledge that the armed forces of the United States handle certain matters differently than citizens. This is done for the benefit of the person serving in uniform. For example, the passage of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA), itself an extension of the Soldier’s and Sailor’s Civil Relief Act (SSCRA), was intended to provide several wide-ranging protections for those being called into active duty or those who had already been deployed. The legal protection provided by the SCRA for service members does not apply to civilians. One such stipulation is the prohibition against lawsuits being filed against a service member due to divorce proceedings. The delay is active during and up to 60 days following the member’s service time.

Topics Brought Up During The Process

Despite the unique situation a military divorce brings, resolution can be quite similar to that seen in civilian divorces. However, if a service member is stationed overseas or on a base in another state, it may slow or completely halt the process of marriage termination altogether. Nevertheless, the purpose of a military divorce is the same as a civilian one: to bring the problem to a successful resolution for both parties by providing mutually beneficial solutions to the topics and/or issues presented.

Contact Us

We understand that a military divorce can be difficult. For the help you need if you are facing a divorce, contact an attorney from San Diego’s Fischer & Van Thiel, LLP, today at 858-935-6211.

Mike's Top FAQs About Divorce

401K plans and divorce

401K plans and divorce

Question Detail

If my spouse waives his right to my 401k plan, is there any circumstance that the court will still award him half or a portion of my 401k plan?

Answer

It is theoretically possible that a court can disturb an agreement to waive rights to property, but it is unlikely.  Courts will generally treat agreements as contracts, and thus are likely to strike an agreement only if it is unconscionable, induced by fraud, undue influence, duress or is against public policy. The judge cannot “reject,” nullify, or modify the provisions of an agreement merely because of his or her personal belief that a different arrangement should be made.

A marital settlement agreement, or MSA, can be used as a contract between spouses regarding the division of property that would otherwise be subject to community property laws. An MSA is subject to general contract laws, meaning that it can be found invalid if terms are against public policy (which includes, but is not limited to, (a) abrogating the statutory child support duty or impinging on the court’s jurisdiction to award child support, (b) limiting the court’s exercise of child custody jurisdiction, (c) “altering legal relations,” (d) “promoting dissolution,” and (e) providing for “fault”-based penalties at marriage dissolution) . The MSA can also be found invalid if entered into as a result of fraud, duress, menace, undue influence, or other factors which may make the agreement void or invalid.  Generally, an agreement such as the MSA is favored.  Hence, if there are no legal or equitable grounds for rescission or reformation it is binding on the parties and the court without express approval.

Posted in: Divorce, Family Law, Property Division

Can I get child support if I am not getting a divorce?

Can I get child support in California if I am not getting a divorce?

Question Detail

I have been separated for two years from my wife, and my kids live with me. Can I get support without filing for divorce in California? We have not been living together since our separation, and even file taxes separately.

Answer

You do not need to file for divorce in order to get support. You will need to go through the court to obtain a child support order so you will have to file something. You can contact your local Department of Child support services office and they can help you get started. So while you do not have to file for divorce, you can file for a legal separation. The court needs to know that you two have in fact separated and there is one parent who is the full time provides and therefore in need of support.

Posted in: Child Support, Divorce, Family Law

Can I move out with my daughter before the divorce in California?

Can I move out with my daughter before the divorce in California?

Question Detail

My wife and I are going to divorce, but we have not filed yet. We are always fighting, and my daughter, who is 7, is very stressed with the way we are living. Can I move out with her, if I do not move far away and let him see her all the time? He is not happy with my choice. Is this legal?

Answer

Yes, you can move out with your daughter, assuming there are no court orders already in place regarding custody and visitation. It is important to maintain frequent and continuing contact between the child and the other parent. When the court makes custody and visitation orders they will look highly upon the parent who facilitated contact with the child and the other parent. It is important to make the transition as easy as possible for the child.

Posted in: Divorce, Family Law

Is there a statute of limitations on owed child support?

Question: Is there a statute of limitations on owed child support?

Question Detail

An ex lover of mine (20 years ago) just approached me out of nowhere about getting tested to see if her son is my child. He is 20 and I live in California. I am trying to find the statue of limitations for child support if indeed I take the test and the child turns out to be mine.

Answer

Unless the mother has made a claim for child support with the welfare office or her local Department of child support services office, they cannot now collect from you on child support. Since he is no longer a minor child now that he is emancipated, there are no obligations for child support. You can get tested to see if you are the father, but you do not have to.

If the state has paid out welfare for the child, and it turns out that you are the Father, there can be some potential liability there with having to pay back the state the money they paid out. If this is not an issue, then they cannot now ask you to pay for child support.

 

Posted in: Enforcement, Family Law, Spousal Support / Alimony

Is the opinion of the child ever taken into consideration in a divorce?

Is the opinion of the child ever taken into consideration in a divorce?

Answer

Typically the Courts will take the child’s opinion into consideration at the age of 12. There is no set age, it depends on the maturity level of the child. If a child is of sufficient age and capacity to form an intelligent preference to custody the court can take it into consideration. It is important to note that all judges will rule for what is in the child’s best interests whether it be for the mother or the father.

Posted in: Child Custody, Divorce, Family Law

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